Tone and Range
Number of Tuning Hole
Length and Melody
Kinko-ryu and Tozan-ryu (school)
Sankyoku (Gaikyoku): A genre of music originally written for koto, shamisen, and sometimes voice, with shakuhachi accompaniment.
Folk Songs (Minyo): There is a rich tradition of folk music in Japan, with many local regions having their own traditional folk songs. These were sung during working, at weddings, and at festivals.
Junreika/Goeika: These were songs that were originally sung as people made pilgrimages to temples far away. They were later adapted to shakuhachi.
Shigin: A special genre of sung poetry, often with shakuhachi accompaniment.
Western/Modern Music: This can include everything from lullabies to popular songs, classical music, jazz, etc.
Living Human Treasures are people designated by the government who have attained the highest achievements in traditional arts. Currently, the Living Human Treasures for shakuhachi are Aoki Reibo (Kinko-ryu) and Yamamoto Hozan (Tozan-ryu).